Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a treatment option that involves replacing hormones that the body is no longer producing, usually due to aging or menopause. Most frequently, the menopausal transition starts between ages 45 and 55.
HRT aims to alleviate symptoms associated with decreased hormones, such as hot flashes, night sweats, and vaginal dryness. HRT can also prevent bone loss and reduce the risk of certain diseases. There are numerous ways to deliver HRT, including oral pills, transdermal patches, gels, creams, and vaginal rings.
Hormone replacement treatment (HRT) comes in various forms. The most common types of HRT include:Estrogen therapy
: This type of HRT replaces the estrogen that the body is no longer producing. Estrogen therapy can be administered through pills, skin patches, gels, and creams.Progestin therapy
: This type of HRT replaces the progesterone that the body is no longer producing. Progestin therapy is typically offered in the form of pills.Combination therapy
: This type of HRT replaces both estrogen and progesterone. Pills, skin patches, and vaginal rings can administer combination therapy.Transdermal Hormone Therapy
: This type of HRT is delivered through the skin. Patches, gels, and creams are the most common forms of transdermal HRT.Vaginal estrogen therapy
: This HRT is delivered directly to the vagina through creams, tablets, or rings. It treats vaginal dryness, itching and burning, and pain during intercourse.
: It is important to note that HRT is a complex medical topic, and it's essential to consult a healthcare professional before starting the therapy. A healthcare professional can advise you on the best type and the most appropriate method of administration based on your individual needs and medical history.